The first R-1 long-range ballistic missile was jointly developed by the design bureau, research and test production departments of NII-88 together with twelve other research institutes, design bureaus and thirty-four plants.
The first launch took place on 10 October, 1948.
R-1 was made operational on 25 November, 1950.
R-1 long-range ballistic missile
Meeting in a special train to the Missile Test Range, 1947
(V.I.Voznyuk, Supervisor of Missile Test Range is the first on the left, S.P.Korolev is the third on the left.)
R-2 long-range ballistic missile was developed between 1947 and 1950 by the design bureau, research and test production departments of NII-88 in cooperation with other organizations.
The first R-2 preliminary design review took place at NII-88 in April, 1947. Such innovations as jettisonable nose, integral propellant tank, instrument module new position, lateral radio correction were introduced during R-2 missile development.
Initial flight tests were conducted on 26 October, 1950. A year later, on 27 November, 1951 R-2 entered operational service.
R-2 long-range ballistic missile
R-11 long-range ballistic missile was developed by NII-88 in cooperation with the other organizations as part of N-2 research «on the options of long-range missiles with high-temperature oxidizer propellant».
The missile could be stored for long periods and transported launch-ready.
R-11 entered operational service on 13 July, 1955.
R-11 long-range ballistic missile
R-11 setting on the launch site
From 1946 to 1950 under Decree of the Council of Ministers NII-88 was responsible for design and development of long- and medium-range surface-to-air missiles as well as unguided missiles. In 1950 the above-mentioned scope of work was transferred to the Ministry of Aircraft Industry according to the decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.
Dynamic tests of R-101 surface-to-air missile