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Development of the first long-range ballistic missiles

Long-range ballistic missiles were developed under the general supervision of Chief Designer S.P. Korolev.

The first R-1 long-range ballistic missile

The first R-1 long-range ballistic missile was jointly developed by the design bureau, research and test production departments of NII-88 together with twelve other research institutes, design bureaus and thirty-four plants.

The first launch took place on 10 October, 1948.

R-1 was made operational on 25 November, 1950.

R-1 long-range ballistic missile

R-1 long-range ballistic missile

Meeting in a special train to the Missile Test Range

Meeting in a special train to the Missile Test Range, 1947
(V.I.Voznyuk, Supervisor of Missile Test Range is the first on the left, S.P.Korolev is the third on the left.)


R-2 long-range ballistic missile

R-2 long-range ballistic missile was developed between 1947 and 1950 by the design bureau, research and test production departments of NII-88 in cooperation with other organizations.

The first R-2 preliminary design review took place at NII-88 in April, 1947. Such innovations as jettisonable nose, integral propellant tank, instrument module new position, lateral radio correction were introduced during R-2 missile development.

Initial flight tests were conducted on 26 October, 1950. A year later, on 27 November, 1951 R-2 entered operational service.

R-2 long-range ballistic missile

R-2 long-range ballistic missile

R-11 long-range ballistic missile with high-temperature propellant components

R-11 long-range ballistic missile was developed by NII-88 in cooperation with the other organizations as part of N-2 research «on the options of long-range missiles with high-temperature oxidizer propellant».

The missile could be stored for long periods and transported launch-ready.

R-11 entered operational service on 13 July, 1955.

R-11 long-range ballistic missile

R-11 long-range ballistic missile

R-11

R-11 setting on the launch site

Development of surface-to-air missiles

From 1946 to 1950 under Decree of the Council of Ministers NII-88 was responsible for design and development of long- and medium-range surface-to-air missiles as well as unguided missiles. In 1950 the above-mentioned scope of work was transferred to the Ministry of Aircraft Industry according to the decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

Dynamic tests of R-101 surface-to-air missile.

Dynamic tests of R-101 surface-to-air missile