Central Research Institute
of Machine Building
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The Mir Space Station

The Mir Space Station is one of the most prominent achievements of national rocket and space industry.

The fundamental space station design principles having been tested over a 15-year period of operation in space turned into classical ones in the history of international space science, and the development of the International Space Station took full advantage thereof.


The Mir Space Station

The Mir Space Station

TsNIImash performed the following work:

  • vibration tests of Core Module, Kvant-1, Kvant-2, Kristall, Spektr, and Priroda modules;
  • development and testing of new materials, coatings and lubricants ensuring prolonged operation of equipment in vacuum under various temperature conditions;
  • estimation of the lifetime used to ensure extension of the space station operation lifetime;
  • organization and realization of the applied scientific research program at the Mir Space Station;
  • the space station mission control;
  • implementation of technical and organizational activities plan of the Mir Space Station final mission stage and organization of planned station descent, particularly, work on calculation of space station thermal destruction and determination of impact areas of its individual parts.

In the frame of the Mir Space Station program, TsNIImash worked on development and testing of new materials, coatings and lubricants ensuring prolonged operation of equipment in vacuum under various temperature conditions; performed calculations of significant effects on the station: station docking with spacecraft, control system operation, as well as crew activities; performed space station mission control and organization and realization of the applied scientific research program on Mir.

Data obtained was used for issuing of annual reports on the Mir Space Station structure lifetime and feasibility of its operational lifetime extension from 1992 up to the end of the mission (2001).

During the period from 1986 to the space station disposal in 2001, TsNIImash TsUP maintained its mission. During this very period the following dockings were conducted: 29 dockings with Soyuz manned spacecraft station, 65 dockings with Progress cargo spacecraft, 5 dockings with modules (Kvant-1, Kvant-2, Kristall, Spektr, Priroda), 7 dockings with the US shuttle spacecraft as per the Mir-Shuttle Program. TsNIImash TsUP conducted all the Soyuz spacecraft landings and Progress spacecraft descents, as well.


The Mir Space Station

The Mir Space Station