Development of the N-1 launch vehicle complex was determined by the Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR Cabinet dated September 24, 1962 N 1022-439.
The development of the N1-L3 complex involved extensive cooperation between organizations of the RSI and other branches of the domestic industry.
The first launch of the N-1 rocket took place on February 21, 1969. It had take-off mass 2,735 tons, 1st stage engine thrust at the launch was 4,500 tons, and the payload was about 70 tons. In total there were four launches, the last one was on November 23, 1972. All the launches were abortive, and the N1-L3 program was closed in 1974 with a recommendation to maximize the use of everything developed at reusable space transportation system Energia-Buran.
When working on the Moon program, TsNIImash was tasked of in-depth ground testing, which required the development of a powerful new set of test facilities and the Herculean task of R&D and tests.
An identical in design model of the N1-L3 lunar complex before pre-installation to dynamic test rig. Scale 1:10. Dimensions: length - 10.6 m, bottom diameter - 1.7 m
N-1 LV layout. Laboratory room of the dynamic test facility of FGUP TsNIImash