Central Research Institute
of Machine Building

Reusable space transportation system "Energy-Buran"

On November 15, 1988, the reusable space transportation system (RSTS) Energia-Buran was launched at Baikonur Cosmodrome. In 205 minutes the Buran orbiter after two revolutions around the Earth, landed in fine-tolerance automatic mode at the same cosmodrome.

The development of the RSTS “Energy-Buran” was the most formidable challenge and monumental R&D of the 20th century in the history of Russian cosmonautics.

Cooperation included more than 1,200 organizations of 70 ministries and departments of the USSR, significant scientific and industrial centers. Over one million people worked under this program.

TsNIImash became the headquarters of the Interdepartmental Commission of Experts (IEC) for development and testing of RSTS, chaired by Yu.A. Mozzhorin. TsNIImash performed the integrator functions for the structural, dynamic, aerogasdynamic studies of the RSTS, for heat exchange and heat protection. The Institute has provided: expertise of the reliability of elements and the sufficiency of their ground testing; preparation of TsUP and organization of the control of "Buran" SC.

An identical in design model of the reusable space system

An identical in design model of the reusable space system "Energy-Buran" in the dynamic tests rig. Scale 1:10. Dimensions: “Energy” carrier model - length 6 m, maximum lateral size - 1.8 m, “Buran” orbital vehicle model - length - 3.64 m, wingspan - 2.4 m